Few anecdotal reports have documented new onset and progression of myelination of the retinal nerve fiber layer. The authors report the unusual onset and progression of acquired myelination of the retinal nerve fiber layer in two children, following the diagnosis of presumed idiopathic intracranial hypertension. The nosologic relationship between myelination of the retinal nerve fiber layer and idiopathic intracranial hypertension is unclear and requires elucidation by further studies. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2019;56:e57-e59.]
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