Perceived career barriers and coping among youth in Israel: Ethnic and gender differences

Yuliya Lipshits-Braziler, Moshe Tatar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated gender and ethnic differences in the perception of different types of career barriers among young adults in relation to their views of themselves as individuals (Personal Career Barriers) and their views of their gender and ethnic group (Group Career Barriers). This study also explored gender and ethnic differences in the sense of efficacy in coping with career barriers. The participants were 406 university students: 156 Israeli-born Jews, 133 Jewish immigrants from the former Soviet Union and 117 Arab-Israelis. The results indicated that their perceptions of the different types of career barriers and their sense of coping efficacy differ according to gender and ethnic group and that there are also joint effects of gender and ethnicity. The results showed that participants rated group barriers higher than personal career barriers. However, the discrepancies were different in each of the three ethnic groups. Perceived career barriers were negatively associated with the sense of coping efficacy and positively associated with non-productive coping strategies. The implications for future research and counseling for minority groups are discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)545-554
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Volume80
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012

Keywords

  • Coping efficacy
  • Coping strategies
  • Ethnic differences
  • Gender differences
  • Personal/group career barriers
  • Young adults

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