BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Both perianal and pediatric-onset Crohn disease (CD) disease are associated with complicated disease course and higher drug utilization. we aimed to explore the differences between pediatric and adult-onset perianal CD and their disease course. METHODS: We included all patients with newly diagnosed CD from 2005 to 2019 at two Israeli Health Maintenance Organizations, covering 78% of the population. A combination of ICD-9 codes, radiology and procedures was used to define fistulizing perianal CD (PCD) and its severity according to the association with simple and complex perianal disease. RESULTS: A total of 12,905 patients were included (2186 [17%] pediatric-onset, 10,719 [83%] adults), with a median follow-up of 7.8 years. PCD was diagnosed in 1530 (12%) patients, with higher incidence in children (308 [14%] children vs 1222 adults [11%]; P < 0.001). Children had higher incidence of severe PCD (141/308 [47%] vs 433/1222 [35%]; P < 0.001). At 5 years, children with PCD were more likely than adults to be treated with biologics (212 [69%] vs 515 [42%]; odds ratio [OR] 2.6 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.6-4.0]; P < 0.001) and immunomodulators (238 [74%] vs 643 [53%]; OR 2.8 [95% CI 2.1-3.6]; P < 0.001). PCD in children was still associated with poorer disease outcomes as shown for surgeries (36 [12%] vs 93 [8%]; P = 0.02) and steroid-dependency (52 [17%] vs 156 [13%]; P < 0.001). Multivariable modeling indicated that the severity of PCD is a stronger predictor of disease course than age. CONCLUSION: PCD is more common in pediatric-onset CD and is associated with higher drug utilization and worse disease outcomes, in large due to higher rate of severe PCD in children.
|Original language||American English|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition|
|State||Published - 1 Jun 2022|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2022 by European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition.
- Crohn disease
- perianal disease