Pharaoh and his council: Great minds think Alike

Joseph Witztum*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In two suras of the Quran (Q 7 and Q 26) a dialogue between Pharaoh and his council members (mala') is recorded after Moses performed miracles before them The account in Q 7 is textually problematic, the version of Q 26 is smooth After a brief survey of possible pre-Islamic precedents for the dialogue, this note explores the two nearly identical yet contradictory intraquranic parallels and the relationship between them, and surveys the harmonizing approaches of the classical exe-getes as well as the critical attitudes of modern scholars to the issue Finally, the textual dynamic that caused the passage in Q 7 to change is reconstructed An appendix examines the other minute differences between the two passages.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)945-952
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Oriental Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Oriental Society. All rights reserved.


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