Pharmacodynamic aspects of modes of drug administration for optimization of drug therapy

Amnon Hoffman*, David Stepensky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Because of various pharmacodynamic properties, such as the nonlinearity of the concentration-effect relationship, activation of feedback homeostatic mechanisms, induction of pharmacodynamic tolerance, etc., administration of the same dose of drug by different modes is expected to produce different outcomes. This review clarifies the theoretical and practical aspects of the impact of different modes of drug administration on the magnitude of response, and hence on therapy outcomes. It discusses how the interrelationship between the pharmacodynamic properties and the drug input function affects the magnitude of response. To demonstrate this special dimension of drug therapy, relevant pharmacodynamic data was obtained for drugs with different therapeutic applications, including antibiotics, analgesics, diuretics, anti-cancer, anti-ulcer, anti-inflammatory, anti- hypertensive, lipid-lowering anti-parkinsonian, and immunosuppressive drugs. These examples provide guidelines for implementing the role of the mode of drug administration (including rate, schedule, and route of drug treatment) during drug development or optimization of drug therapy.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)571-639
Number of pages69
JournalCritical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1999


  • Delayed action preparations
  • Mode of drug administration
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Pharmadocynamics
  • Tolerance


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