Phenolic ethylenediamine derivatives: A study of orally effective iron chelators

Chaim Hershko*, Robert W. Grady, Gabriela Link

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Of 35 potential iron chelators screened for in vivo activity in rats, a group of phenolic compounds with excellent chelating properties were identified. These included N,N′-ethylene-bis(o-hydroxyphenylglycine) (EHPG), N,N′-Bis(o-hydroxybenzyl)-ethylenediamine diacetic acid (HBED), and their respective dimethyl esters (dmEHPG and dmHBED). All four phenolic compounds produced a marked increase in the fecal excretion of hepatocellular radioiron. This amounted to 42% of total body radioactivity with dmEHPG, 58% with EHPG, 63% with HBED, and 80% with dmHBED after a single injection of 40 mg/animal. At a dose of 5 mg/animal, EHPG, HBED, and dmHBED were 9, 12, and 15 times more potent, respectively, than deferoxamine. Both dimethyl esters showed significant oral activity: oral dmEHPG retained 1 3 and dmHBED retained 2 3 of the effect of the same dose given by intramuscular injection. The ester dmHBED combines oral effectiveness with superior chelating ability, selective hepatocellular action, and low apparent toxicity. It may represent a significant advance in the development of new iron chelating drugs.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)336
Number of pages1
JournalTranslational Research
Volume103
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1984

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