We have found that photoinduced pyridine ring cleavage-closure occurs in polymeric viscous solution, because in certain polymer solutions, pyridine can serve as a photo-modulated crosslinker. We suggest this reaction as a way to control a polymer's optical properties. Irradiation of the system: poly(4-vinyl pyridine)/pyridine/water with 250-nm wavelength range leads to the appearance of a new absorption band centered at 360 nm, new red-shifted emission, and HOMO-LUMO band gap changes. The subsequent irradiation with 360 nm (the new absorption band maximum) leads to reversion almost to the initial stage. A main active product of the photoreaction is aldehyde enamine, which has two active groups: primary amine and aldehyde, which can associate with the polymer molecules to form a physical crosslinked supramolecular structure. We evaluated the activation energy of the pyridine ring cleavage and back reaction depending on the polymer/pyridine/water ratio and by changing the polymer structure. The activation energy of pyridine's ring cleavage in viscous polymeric solutions is in the range of 0.6-3.2 Kcal/mol. The activation energy of the back reaction is significantly lower and is in the range of 0.05-0.15Kcal/mole.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
E. V. gratefully acknowledges financial support from the Israel Ministry for Immigrant Absorption. We thank Prof. V. Khodorkovsky for illuminating discussions.
- Dewar pyridine
- Physical crosslinking
- Poly(4-vinyl pyridine)