Physical and Socio-economic Indicators

Maureen D. Agnew*, Clare M. Goodess, Debbie Hemming, Christos Giannakopoulos, Skander Ben Salem, Marco Bindi, Mohamed Nejmeddine Bradai, Camilla Dibari, Hesham El-Askary, Mutasem El-Fadel, Mohamed El-Raey, Roberto Ferrise, José M. Grünzweig, Ali Harzallah, Abdallah Hattour, Maria Hatzaki, Dina Kanas, Effie Kostopoulou, Piero Lionello, Theib OweisCosimo Pino, Basil Psiloglou, Salah Sahabi Abed, Agustín Sánchez-Arcilla, Mohamed Senouci, Mohamed Zoheir Taleb, Annalisa Tanzarella

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


A set of physical and social indicators relevant to each Mediterranean case study has been developed within the context of the CIRCE case studies integrating framework. This framework approach provides a systematic means of structuring indicator selection and helps to provide a scientific basis for the assessment of climate-related impacts and vulnerability. A detailed set of criteria was developed to select and refine indicators through an iterative process of review and consultation. Indicators represent key issues related to climate variability and change for each of the case-study locations. Seven key indicator themes are identified: climate and atmosphere; marine and coastal systems; terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity; freshwater systems; agriculture and forestry; human health and well being; and, the economy. A number of core indicators are common to all case studies (for identifying common/disparate trends), others are common across generic case studies (urban, rural, coastal), and some are case-study specific. Data and methodological challenges in the indicator assessment included: data availability and quality limitations; distinguishing impacts from vulnerabilities, and climate from non-climate influences; and, identifying thresholds and coping ranges. Despite these difficulties, the selected set of indicators proved a useful and accessible tool for monitoring trends and portraying key information to regional stakeholders.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationAdvances in Global Change Research
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages22
StatePublished - 2013

Publication series

NameAdvances in Global Change Research
ISSN (Print)1574-0919
ISSN (Electronic)2215-1621

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


  • Climate change
  • Impacts
  • Indicators
  • Integrated assessment
  • Mediterranean


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