Physical fitness and overweight in Israeli children with and without developmental coordination disorder: Gender differences

N. Lifshitz*, S. Raz-Silbiger, N. Weintraub, S. Steinhart, S. A. Cermak, N. Katz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Physical fitness and overweight among children has become paramount in the general population and more so in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). The purpose of the current study was to examine the association between physical fitness and overweight in a sample of Israeli children in comparison to typical children, and to examine gender differences. DCD was identified through total scores on the movement assessment battery for children 2 (MABC-2) equal to or less than the 16th percentile as well as parents' report that the child's deficits in motor skills interfered with at least two daily life activities. The sample included a group of children with DCD (n=22, M age=8.70 [SD=1.36], 16 boys [73%]) and a control group of typical children (n=47, M age=8.90 [SD=1.52], 34 boys [72%]). Measures included the strength subtest of the Bruininks-Oseretsky test of motor proficiency (BOT-2), the six minutes' walk test (6MWT) with heart rate measure, BMI and the percentage of body fat. Significant differences between DCD and typical children were found on all variables of physical fitness and weight. A two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) analysis (group/gender) also revealed significant interactions for the percentage of body fat (F=8.51, p<.005) and BMI (F=4.50, p<.038) meaning that less fit children are more obese. The current study supports previous findings that children with DCD are less physically fit and more overweight compared to typically developing children. Moreover, in comparing between the genders, the girls in the study sample weighed more and had a significantly higher percentage of body fat than boys, it is essential to further our understanding of the relationships between obesity, physical fitness and gender among children with and without DCD.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2773-2780
Number of pages8
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2014


  • BMI
  • Body fat
  • Developmental coordination disorder
  • Gender
  • Overweight
  • Physical fitness


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