PILRα binds an unknown receptor expressed primarily on CD56bright and decidual-NK cells and activates NK cell functions

Yael Ophir, Alexandra Duev-Cohen, Rachel Yamin, Pini Tsukerman, Yoav Bauman, Moriya Gamliel, Ofer Mandelboim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Natural Killer (NK) cells are innate immune lymphocytes specializing in recognition and killing of tumors and pathogens, using an array of activating and inhibitory receptors. NK inhibition is mediated by a large repertoire of inhibitory receptors, whereas a limited number of activating NK cell receptors execute NK cell activation. The ligands recognized by the activating receptors are stress-induced, pathogen derived, tumor specific and even self ligands. However, the full spectrum of NK cell receptors and ligands that control NK cell activity remains uncharacterized. Here we demonstrate that Paired Ig-Like type 2 Receptor Alpha (PILRα), binds a distinct human NK cell sub-population present in the peripheral blood and also in the decidua. We further demonstrate that the interaction of NK cells with PILRα expressing targets lead to elevated IFNγ secretion and cytotoxicity. In conclusion, we present here a novel NK activating ligand which binds and activates an unknown NK receptor expressed on a unique NK cell subset.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)40953-40964
Number of pages12
JournalOncotarget
Volume7
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Jul 2016

Keywords

  • CD56 bright
  • Immune response
  • Immunity
  • Immunology and Microbiology Section
  • NK
  • PILRa

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