Planning to please: Following another agent's intended plan

Eithan Ephrati*, Jeffrey S. Rosenschein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


In this article we analyze a particular model of control among intelligent agents, that of non-absolute control. Non-absolute control involves a "supervisor" agent that issues orders to a "subordinate" agent. An example might be a human agent on Earth directing the activities of a Mars-based semi-autonomous vehicle. Both agents operate with essentially the same goals. The subordinate agent, however, is assumed to have access to some information that the supervisor does not have. The agent is thus expected to exercise its judgment in following orders (i.e., following the true intent of the supervisor, to the best of its ability). After presenting our model, we discuss the planning problem: how would a subordinate agent choose among alternative plans? Our solutions focus on evaluating the distance between candidate plans, and is appropriate to any scenario in which one agent wants to follow (as much as possible) another agent's plan.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)219-235
Number of pages17
JournalGroup Decision and Negotiation
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1993


  • communication
  • multiple agents
  • non-absolute control
  • plan deviation
  • planning


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