Polarization of myosin II heavy chain-protein kinase C in chemotaxing Dictyostelium cells

Hila Rubin, Shoshana Ravid*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Eukaryotic cells need morphological polarity to carry out chemotaxis (Parent, C. A., Blacklock, B. J., Froehlich, W. M., Murphy, D. B., and Devreotes, P. N. (1998) Cell 95, 81-91; Jin, T., Zhang, N., Long, Y., Parent, C., and Devreotes, P. N. (2000) Science 287, 1034-1036; Servant, G., Weiner, O. D., Herzmark, P., Balla, T., Sedat, J. W., and Bourne, H. R. (2000) Science 287, 1037-1040), but sensing direction does not require polarization of chemoattractant receptors. When cells are exposed to a gradient of chemoattractant, activation occurs selectively at the stimulated edge. Such localized activation, transmitted by the recruitment of cytosolic proteins, may be a general mechanism for gradient sensing by G protein-linked chemotactic systems. Here we show that in Dictyostelium discoideum cells exposed to a cAMP gradient the myosin II heavy chain kinase (MHC-PKC) and myosin II translocate to opposite ends of the cell. We further show that MHC-PKC C1 domain is responsible for the localization of MHC-PKC to the cell leading edge, but it is not sufficient to promote cell polarization. Our findings suggest a mechanism by which MHC-PKC regulates myosin II, allowing cell polarization and movement in the direction of the cAMP source.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)36005-36008
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number39
StatePublished - 27 Sep 2002


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