Polynomials vanishing on grids: The Elekes-Rónyai problem revisited

Orit E. Raz, Micha Sharir, József Solymosi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper we characterize real bivariate polynomials which have a small range over large Cartesian products. We show that for every constant-degree bivariate real polynomial f, either |f(A;B)| = Ω(n4/3), for every pair of finite sets A,B,⊂ ℝ, with |A| = |B| = n (where the constant of proportionality depends on deg f), or else f must be of one of the special forms f(u, v) = h(φ (u)·ψ (v)), or f(u, v) = h(ψ (u) · ψ (v)), for some univariate polynomials φ ψ ; h over ℝ. This significantly improves a result of Elekes and Rónyai [7]. Our results are cast in a more general form, in which we give an upper bound for the number of zeros of z = f(x, y) on a triple Cartesian product A × B × C, when the sizes |A|, |B|, |C| need not be /the same; the upper bound is O(n11/6) when |A| = |B| = |C| = n, where the constant of proportionality depends on deg f, unless f has one of the aforementioned special forms. This result provides a unified tool for improving bounds in various Erdo″s-type problems in geometry and additive combinatorics. Several applications of our results to problems of these kinds are presented. For example, we show that the number of distinct distances between n points lying on a constant-degree parametric algebraic curve which does not contain a line, in any dimension, is (n4/3), extending the result of Pach and de Zeeuw [19] and improving the bound of Charalambides [2], for the special case where the curve under consideration has a polynomial parameterization. We also derive improved lower bounds for several variants of the sum-product problem in additive combinatorics.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 30th Annual Symposium on Computational Geometry, SoCG 2014
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages251-260
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9781450325943
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event30th Annual Symposium on Computational Geometry, SoCG 2014 - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: 8 Jun 201411 Jun 2014

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual Symposium on Computational Geometry

Conference

Conference30th Annual Symposium on Computational Geometry, SoCG 2014
Country/TerritoryJapan
CityKyoto
Period8/06/1411/06/14

Keywords

  • Combinatorial geometry
  • Incidences
  • Polynomials

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