Posttraumatic stress disorder among Sri Lankan University students as a consequence of their exposure to family violence

Muhammad M. Haj-Yahia, Orya Tishby, Piyanjali de Zoysa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The article presents the results of a study on the association between exposure to family violence (i.e., witnessing interparental violence and experiencing parental violence) during childhood and adolescence and adult posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The study was conducted among a self-selected convenience sample of 476 students from Sri Lanka, using a self-administered questionnaire. The findings indicate that the more participants witnessed interparental violence and the more they experienced parental violence, the more they exhibited PTSD symptoms. Moreover, the findings reveal that participants' exposure to family violence explains a significant amount of the variance in their PTSD over and above the variance that can be attributed to their sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender, number of siblings, and family's socioeconomic status) and to their perceptions of the environment and functioning of their families. The limitations of the study and recommendations for future research are discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2018-2038
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume24
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2009

Keywords

  • Effects of family violence
  • Experiencing parental violence
  • Exposure to family violence
  • Family violence
  • PTSD
  • Sri Lankan students
  • Witnessing interparental violence

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