Potential pharmacodynamic effect of charcoal on theophylline neurotoxicity in normal rats

Amnon Hoffman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previously, it has been found that repeated oral administration of activated charcoal (AC) to rats with renal failure markedly decreased the sensitivity of the CNS to the neurotoxic-convulsant effect of theophylline. The present study was designed to investigate whether this effect also occurs in normal rats. Normal rats received AC per os in either a single dose or in six doses every 8 h. Control animals received equal volumes of water. Two hours following the last AC dose, animals were infused IV with theophylline until the onset of maximal seizures. Although rats pretreated with repeated administrations of activated charcoal required a larger total theophylline dose to induce convulsions, the theophylline concentrations in the serum and brain at the onset of the neurotoxic episode were not affected by the charcoal pretreatment. It is, therefore, concluded that the gastrointestinal dialysis produced by the activated charcoal had no apparent effect on theophylline-induced neurotoxicity in normal rats.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)621-623
Number of pages3
JournalPharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior
Volume43
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1992

Keywords

  • Activated charcoal
  • Gastrointestinal dialysis
  • Induced seizures
  • Neurotoxicity
  • Pharmacodynamics
  • Theophylline

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