Precision Measurement of the Neutron Spin Asymmetry A1 n and Spin-Flavor Decomposition in the Valence Quark Region

X. Zheng*, K. Aniol, D. S. Armstrong, T. D. Averett, W. Bertozzi, S. Binet, E. Burtin, E. Busato, C. Butuceanu, J. Calarco, A. Camsonne, G. D. Cates, Z. Chai, J. P. Chen, Seonho Choi, E. Chudakov, F. Cusanno, R. De Leo, A. Deur, S. DieterichD. Dutta, J. M. Finn, S. Frullani, H. Gao, J. Gao, F. Garibaldi, S. Gilad, R. Gilman, J. Gomez, J. O. Hansen, D. W. Higinbotham, W. Hinton, T. Horn, C. W. De Jager, X. Jiang, L. Kaufman, J. Kelly, W. Korsch, K. Kramer, J. LeRose, D. Lhuillier, N. Liyanage, D. J. Margaziotis, F. Marie, P. Markowitz, K. McCormick, Z. E. Meziani, R. Michaels, B. Moffit, S. Nanda, D. Neyret, S. K. Phillips, A. Powell, T. Pussieux, B. Reitz, J. Roche, R. Roche, M. Roedelbronn, G. Ron, M. Rvachev, A. Saha, N. Savvinov, J. Singh, S. Širca, K. Slifer, P. Solvignon, P. Souder, D. J. Steiner, S. Strauch, V. Sulkosky, A. Tobias, G. Urciuoli, A. Vacheret, B. Wojtsekhowski, H. Xiang, Y. Xiao, F. Xiong, B. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. Zhu, P. A. Zołnierczuk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

154 Scopus citations


The neutron spin asymmetry A1n with high precision at three kinematic in the deep inelastic region at x=0.33, 0.47 and Q 2=2.7, 3.5 and 4.8(GeV/c)2, respectively was measured. It was shown that A1n crosses zero around x=0.47 and becomes significantly positive at x=0.60. The polarized quark distributions, combined with the world proton data were also extracted. The hadron helicity conservation (HHC) mechanism, based on leading-order perturbative quantum chromodynamics (PQCD), where the quark orbital angular momentum (OAM) was assumed to be zero was discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number012004
Pages (from-to)120041-120045
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - 9 Jan 2004
Externally publishedYes


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