Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell based immunotherapy has become a promising treatment mainly for hematological malignancies. Following the major success of CD19-targeted CAR, new potential targets for other malignancies are required. As such, B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) is an attractive tumor-associated antigen to be targeted in multiple myeloma (MM). Herein, we aimed at assessing the function and optimal configuration of different BCMA-specific CAR, based on the same targeting moiety but with a different hinge and co-stimulatory domain. We compared their function to that of a previously characterized BCMA-CAR used in clinical trials. All constructs were expressed at high levels by primary human T cells and could trigger cytokine production and cytotoxicity upon co-culture with multiple myeloma targets. Nonetheless, critical differences were observed in off-target activation, exhaustion, and activation marker expression and in vivo antitumoral activity mediated by these different constructs. Interestingly, we noted that CD8-based hinge, combined with a 4-1BB intracellular domain, proved superior compared to IgG4-connecting regions, and/or a CD28-signaling moiety respectively. Overall, this study emphasizes the influence of CAR primary structure on its function and led to the identification of a highly efficient BCMA-specific CAR, namely H8BB, which displayed superior anti-tumoral activity both in vitro and long-term in vivo efficacy.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
©2022 Ferrata Storti Foundation.