Predicting Jewish-Israeli Recognition of Palestinian Pain and Suffering

Rotem Nagar*, Ifat Maoz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Recognition is vital for conflict resolution. This study was designed to learn more about the factors underlying the willingness to recognize the pain and suffering of the opponent in the asymmetrical protracted conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. Data were collected through a public opinion survey conducted with a representative sample of Israeli-Jewish adults (N = 511). Perceptions of threat/distrust toward Palestinians and dehumanization of Palestinians each made a significant contribution to explaining Jewish-Israeli (un)willingness to recognize Palestinian pain and suffering (R2 =.36). Hawkishness made an added significant contribution to the overall explanatory power of the model (R2 =.38). Higher scores on the threat/distrust scale and the dehumanization scale, as well as higher hawkishness predicted decreased willingness to recognize Palestinian pain and suffering. The implications of our findings for understanding the role of recognition and of moral concern in conflict resolution are discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)372-397
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Conflict Resolution
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, © The Author(s) 2015.


  • asymmetric conflict
  • conflict resolution
  • dehumanization
  • distrust
  • moral concern
  • pain and suffering
  • protracted conflict
  • public opinion
  • recognition
  • the Israeli–Palestinian conflict
  • threat


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