Predictors of community reintegration and quality of life after hip fracture among community-dwelling older adults

Yafit Gilboa*, Talia Maeir, Ayelet Weber, Adina Maeir, Shlomit Rotenberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

We aim to explore factors contributing to community reintegration and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among community-dwelling older adults three months after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation following hip fracture. We performed a prospective cohort study with follow-up. Thirty-three consecutive patients (age 66-89) after surgery for hip fracture repair were recruited from an inpatient rehabilitation unit. Participants were 65+ years old, did not have dementia, and were independent in basic activities of daily living (BADL) at discharge. We examined the contribution of independent variables measuring BADL, cognition, emotional status, pain and social support to the explained variance of two main outcomes: the Reintegration to Normal Living Index (RNLI), measuring self-reported ability to participate in activities and return to life roles; and the Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12), assessing mental and physical aspects of HRQoL. Stepwise regression analyses revealed that: social support and pain while walking significantly explained 42.1% of variance in the RNLI; social support significantly explained 31.1% of the variance in the SF-12-physical subscale; the number of falls in the previous year, social support and executive functions assessed by the clock drawing test significantly explained 61.9% of the variance in the SF-12 mental subscale. Social support, pain while walking and the number of falls in the previous year can predict community reintegration and HRQoL among older adults three months after discharge from rehabilitation following a surgical hip fracture repair. These factors need to be addressed in rehabilitation programs.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)234-239
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Rehabilitation Research
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • aged
  • community participation
  • function recovery
  • hip fractures
  • quality of life
  • rehabilitation

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