Predictors of mortality in patients admitted to hospital for acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage

J. Zimmerman*, J. Siguencia, E. Tsvang, R. Beeri, R. Arnon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations


Background: We wanted to identify features of prognostic significance in patients admitted to hospital because of acute upper gastrointestinal (UGI) hemorrhage. Methods: A prospective, longitudinal study of 321 consecutive cases admitted during 1988-91 was carried out. The relative risk of mortality associated with each of the background, laboratory, and endoscopic features and the hospital course was calculated. Multiple stepwise logistic regression was used to define factors independently associated with mortality. Two models were evaluated, the first based on the data at presentation (history, physical findings, initial laboratory data) and the second based on the first, plus the endoscopic and follow-up data. Results: The overall mortality was 7.8% At presentation the features associated with a significantly (p<0.05) increased risk of mortality were (adjusted odds ratios in parentheses) age <75 years (11.2), a history of cancer (12.1), blood in the gastric aspirate (9.6), and a systolic blood pressure <90mm Hg (6.4). The overall predictors of mortality were age <75 years (12.7), blood in the gastric aspirate (18.9), serum creatinine level <150μmol/l (14.8), increased serum aminotransferase level (20.2), and persistent or recurrent bleeding (57.3). Conclusions: In patients admitted to hospital because of UGI hemorrhage the prognosis depends on age, underlying diseases, hemodynamic status, and the persistence or recurrence of bleeding. The causes of bleeding were not relevant to the prognosis.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)327-331
Number of pages5
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • Complications
  • Gastrointestinal hemorrhage
  • Hematemesis
  • Melena
  • Peptic ulcer
  • Prognosis


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