Presence of anti-botulinum neurotoxin antibodies in selected wild canids in Israel

Amir Steinman, Neta Millet, Chana Frenkel, Roni King, Nahum Y. Shpigel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Serum samples from 35 golden jackals (Canis aureus syriacus), eight wolves (Canis lupus), and four red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) from various regions of Israel were collected during the years 2001-04 and tested for antibodies to Clostridium botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) types C and D. Antibodies against BoNT types C and D were detected in 10 (29%) and in 3 (9%) of 35 golden jackals, respectively, using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. This report describes detection of anti BoNT antibodies in wild canids other than coyotes (Canis latrans) for the first time and demonstrates that C. botulinum type C is prevalent in Israel.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)548-550
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Wildlife Diseases
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2007


  • Botulism
  • Canis aureus syriacus
  • Canis lupus
  • Clostridium botulinum
  • Golden jackal
  • Serology
  • Vulpes vulpes
  • Wild canids


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