Presidential Parliamentarism: Direct Popular Election of the Prime Minister, Israel's New Electoral and Political System

Reuven Y. Hazan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations

Abstract

In 1992, the Israeli parliament enacted the new Basic Law: The Government, which provides Israel with the distinction of being the only country to have direct popular election of its Prime Minister (beginning with the next election, scheduled for mid-1996). This new law not only effectively alters the electoral system, but also changes the entire political system in Israel, replacing its pure parliamentary system with a new, hybrid and unique regime type. This article describes the circumstances that brought about the recent reforms in Israel, delineates the electoral changes which were adopted, and analyzes whether Israel has switched from a parliamentary to a presidential political system.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)21-37
Number of pages17
JournalElectoral Studies
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1996

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