Prevalence of epilepsy and attention-deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) disorder: A population-based study

Rony Cohen, Yehuda Senecky, Avinoam Shuper*, Dov Inbar, Gabriel Chodick, Varda Shalev, Raanan Raz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations


Epilepsy and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were reported to co-occur at rates higher than expected for coincidental findings. This study investigated the prevalence of both disorders in community-based primary care practice. The central database of the second-largest health maintenance organization in Israel was searched for all children aged 6 to 13 years (n = 284 419; 51.5% males) diagnosed as having ADHD according to the physicians' records and/or the filling of at least 10 prescriptions for antiepileptic medications according to pharmacy records. The prevalence of epilepsy in the total population was 5 out of 1000 children, and the prevalence of ADHD was 12.6%. More than one-fourth (27.7%) of the epileptic children were also diagnosed as having ADHD. On multivariate analysis, children with ADHD had almost twice the risk of epilepsy than children without ADHD. This study supports hospital-based findings of a strong interrelationship between ADHD and epilepsy. The high rate of ADHD in Israeli children warrants further investigation.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)120-123
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Child Neurology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • ADHD
  • attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • epilepsy
  • seizure


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