The relationship between values and aggression and the moderating roles of gender and private self- consciousness (PSC) on these relations were examined. Participants were 642 Arabic and Jewish adolescents in Israel (M age = 13.79, SD=51; 53.9 percent females). Values and PSC were measured by self-reports and aggression was measured by peer nominations. Aggression was positively correlated with self-enhancement and openness to change values, and negatively correlated with self-transcendence and conservation values. The results also suggested that PSC and gender play an important role in moderating these relations. The study's contributions to value theory and its practical implications are discussed.
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