Proactive policing: Effects on crime and communities

Committee on Proactive Policing: Effects on Crime, Communities, and Civil Liberties, Committee on Law and Justice, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Research output: Book/ReportBookpeer-review

190 Scopus citations


Proactive policing, as a strategic approach used by police agencies to prevent crime, is a relatively new phenomenon in the United States. It developed from a crisis in confidence in policing that began to emerge in the 1960s because of social unrest, rising crime rates, and growing skepticism regarding the effectiveness of standard approaches to policing. In response, beginning in the 1980s and 1990s, innovative police practices and policies that took a more proactive approach began to develop. This report uses the term "proactive policing" to refer to all policing strategies that have as one of their goals the prevention or reduction of crime and disorder and that are not reactive in terms of focusing primarily on uncovering ongoing crime or on investigating or responding to crimes once they have occurred.

Original languageAmerican English
PublisherNational Academies Press
Number of pages408
ISBN (Electronic)9780309467162
ISBN (Print)0309467136, 9780309467131
StatePublished - 23 Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.


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