Profiles of Emotional Feedback and Their Effect on Principal's Attributed Charisma and Leader–Member Exchange Quality (LMX)

Izhak Berkovich*, Ori Eyal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present research explored the effect of different profiles of emotional feedback in principal-teacher relations on followers' perceptions of the leader (attributed charisma and leader–member exchange (LMX)). The study is based on a field survey of 645 teachers. The findings indicate four profiles of emotional feedback from principal, as experienced by teachers: profile 1—positive emphasis: high positive emotional manipulations (PEM) and low negative emotional manipulations (NEM); profile 2—mixed feedback: high PEM and high NEM; profile 3—non-manipulative: low PEM and low NEM; and profile 4—negative emphasis: high NEM and low PEM. In general, profile 1 (positive emphasis) resulted in higher attributed charisma and higher LMX quality, followed by profile 2 (mixed), profile 3 (non-manipulative), and profile 4 (negative emphasis). The study showed that as long as there is a positive feedback, even if it is accompanied by a negative one, the followers' perceptions of the leader are positive. Negative feedback was less associated with positive followers' perceptions of the leader than was low emotional feedback (i.e., non-manipulative).

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)349-359
Number of pages11
JournalAsia-Pacific Education Researcher
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, De La Salle University.

Keywords

  • Emotional feedback
  • Emotional manipulation
  • Managerial feedback
  • Principal
  • Teacher

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