Profiles of Multi-cultural Identity Integration in a Conflictual Context

Hisham Jubran*, Gabriel Horenczyk, Veronica Benet-Martinez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


This study addressed the phenomenon of multiple social identities in a conflictual context. It examined the case of Palestinian-Christians living in Israel, a nation imbued with ethno-religious conflict, a complex combination of three distinct collective identities: national (Palestinian-Arab), ethno-religious (Christian), and civic (Israeli). The current study proposed a conceptual and methodological expansion of the “Bicultural Identity Integration” (BII) model (Benet-Martinez & Haritatos, 2005) as a way to assess different levels of integration between three types of identities (national, ethno-religious, and civic) in a sample of 383 Palestinian Christians with Israeli citizenship. Results revealed that the three integrations of BII (Arab-Christian, Arab-Israeli, Christian-Israeli) are positively predicted by favorable intergroup contact with Jews and Muslims and negatively by discrimination by these groups. Further, Latent Profile Analyses revealed four distinct identity profiles: two (“Pro-Arab” and “Pro-Israel”) were highly conflictual and characterized by both discrimination and negative intergroup contact, and two (“Ambivalent” and “Peaceful”) were characterized by less conflict across pairs of identities. These findings are discussed in terms of their theoretical contribution to the study of multiple social and collective identities in contexts of conflict, and their practical implications for the groups under study.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Intercultural Relations
StatePublished - Jul 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd


  • Arabs
  • Bicultural Identity Integration (BII)
  • Discrimination
  • Identity profiles
  • Intergroup contact
  • Latent Profile Analysis
  • Palestinian Christians


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