The properties of soluble gelatin-ionic surfactant complexes and insoluble particles were evaluated. It was found that colloidal particles of gelatin A - cationic surfactant (dodecyltrimethyl-ammonium bromide, DTAB, and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, CTAB) were formed. Binding isotherms showed that these particles are obtained above the CMC of each surfactant, while cooperative binding takes place. Surface tension measurements conducted for both gelatin/DTAB and gelatin/anionic surfactant, SDS (sodium dodecyl sulfate) showed a break in the curve describing surface tension vs number of bound surfactant molecules, (ν) at concentrations below the CMC of each surfactant alone. This break, which is attributed to CMC 1, is observed at the same number of bound surfactant molecules ν ~ 2 for both gelatin/surfactant couples. Contact angle measurements showed that the maximal hydrophobicity of the gelatin-surfactant particles is obtained at the same concentration range in which the precipitation occurs. It was also found that the hydrophobicity of gelatin-SDS particles, is higher than that of the gelatin-cationic surfactants, due to a different composition of the resulting particles. The zeta potential of the particles indicated charge neutralization and even charge reversal for gelatin-CTAB at high surfactant concentration.
- Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide
- Dodecyltrimethyl-ammonium bromide
- Sodium dodecyl sulfate
- Surface tension
- Zeta potential