Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is characterized by a spontaneous and chronic sensation of burning in the oral mucosa, with no apparent signs. The underlying pathophysiological and neuropathic mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we attempt to elucidate some of these mechanisms using proteomic profiling and bioinformatic analyses of whole-saliva (WS) from BMS patients compared to WS from healthy individuals. Qualitative and quantitative proteomic profiling was performed using two dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and quantitative mass spectrometry (q-MS). In order to improve protein visibility, 21 high abundance proteins were depleted before proteomic profiling. Quantitative proteomic analysis revealed 100 BMS specific proteins and an additional 158 proteins up-regulated by more than threefold in those with BMS. Bioinformatic analyses of the altered protein expression profile of BMS group indicated high correlations to three cellular mechanisms including the neurotrophin signaling pathway. Based on this finding, we suggest that neurotrophin signaling pathway is involved in the pathophysiology of BMS by amplifying P75NTR activity, which in turn increases neural apoptosis thereby reducing sub-papillary nerve fiber density in the oral mucosa.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the US-Israel Binational Science Foundation grant no. 2009294. MS identification by Smoler Proteomics Center at the Technician.
© 2019, The Author(s).