Psychological responses in family members after the Hebron massacre

Salman Elbedour, Ahmad Baker, Nadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian, Martin Irwin, R. H. Belmaker*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


The authors attempted to determine the frequency of severe psychological responses in surviving family members in a religious Muslim culture. Twenty- three wives, twelve daughters and twenty-six sons of heads of households massacred while praying in the Hebron mosque on 25 February 1994 were interviewed with the clinician-administered PTSD scale; 50% of daughters, 39% of wives, and 23% of sons met criteria for PTSD. PTSD or traumatic bereavement occurs with high frequency after a major tragedy in a Moslem society, despite religious admiration of dead martyrs.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)27-31
Number of pages5
JournalDepression and Anxiety
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1999


  • Muslim
  • PTSD
  • Traumatic bereavement


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