PTF 12gzk - A rapidly declining, high-velocity type Ic radio supernova

Assaf Horesh, Shrinivas R. Kulkarni, Alessandra Corsi, Dale A. Frail, S. Bradley Cenko, Sagi Ben-Ami, Avishay Gal-Yam, Ofer Yaron, Iair Arcavi, Mansi M. Kasliwal, Eran O. Ofek

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17 Scopus citations


Only a few cases of Type Ic supernovae (SNe) with high-velocity ejecta (≥0.2 c) have been discovered and studied. Here, we present our analysis of radio and X-ray observations of the Type Ic SN PTF 12gzk. The radio emission declined less than 10 days after explosion, suggesting SN ejecta expanding at high velocity (0.3 c). The radio data also indicate that the density of the circumstellar material (CSM) around the supernova is lower by a factor of 10 than the CSM around normal Type Ic SNe. PTF 12gzk may therefore be an intermediate event between a "normal" SN Ic and a gamma-ray-burst-SN- like event. Our observations of this rapidly declining radio SN at a distance of 58 Mpc demonstrates the potential to detect many additional radio SNe, given the new capabilities of the Very Large Array (improved sensitivity and dynamic scheduling), which are currently missed, leading to a biased view of radio SNe Ic. Early optical discovery followed by rapid radio observations would provide a full description of the ejecta velocity distribution and CSM densities around stripped massive star explosions as well as strong clues about the nature of their progenitor stars.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number63
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 20 Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • X-rays: general
  • radio continuum: general
  • radio continuum: stars
  • supernovae: general
  • supernovae: individual: (PTF12gzk)


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