Quantum-dot assisted spectroscopy of degeneracy-lifted Landau levels in graphene

Itai Keren, Tom Dvir, Ayelet Zalic, Amir Iluz, David LeBoeuf, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Hadar Steinberg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Energy spectroscopy of strongly interacting phases requires probes which minimize screening while retaining spectral resolution and local sensitivity. Here, we demonstrate that such probes can be realized using atomic sized quantum dots bound to defects in hexagonal Boron Nitride tunnel barriers, placed at nanometric distance from graphene. With dot energies capacitively tuned by a planar graphite electrode, dot-assisted tunneling becomes highly sensitive to the graphene excitation spectrum. The spectra track the onset of degeneracy lifting with magnetic field at the ground state, and at unoccupied excited states, revealing symmetry-broken gaps which develop steeply with magnetic field - corresponding to Landé g factors as high as 160. Measured up to B = 33 T, spectra exhibit a primary energy split between spin-polarized excited states, and a secondary spin-dependent valley-split. Our results show that defect dots probe the spectra while minimizing local screening, and are thus exceptionally sensitive to interacting states.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number3408
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2020

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© 2020, The Author(s).


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