Quantum Monte Carlo study of a bilayer U(2)×U(2) -symmetric Hubbard model

Yosef Caplan, Dror Orgad

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We carry out a sign-problem-free quantum Monte Carlo calculation of a bilayer model with a repulsive intralayer Hubbard interaction and a ferromagnetic interlayer interaction. The latter breaks the global SU(2) spin rotational symmetry but preserves a U(2)×U(2) invariance under mixing of same-spin electrons between layers. We show that despite the difference in symmetry, the bilayer model exhibits the same qualitative features found in the single-layer Hubbard model. These include stripe phases, whose nature is sensitive to the presence of next-nearest-neighbor hopping, a maximum in the Knight shift that moves to lower temperatures with increasing hole doping, and lack of evidence for intralayer d-wave superconductivity. Instead, we find a superconducting phase, coexisting with stripes, whose critical temperature traces a dome as a function of doping and is due to interlayer spin-polarized pairing that is induced by the ferromagnetic interaction.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number165131
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number16
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2023

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© 2023 American Physical Society.


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