Raman and micromorphological characterization of carbonates in plaster-like materials from the Natufian site of Eynan (Ain Mallaha), Israel

Leila Es Sebar, Leonardo Iannucci, Sabrina Grassini, Emma Angelini, Rivka Rabinovich, Anne Bridault, Hamoudi Khalaily, François R. Valla, Yuval Goren

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The archaeological site of Eynan, located by the spring of Ain Mallaha and on the shores of Lake Hula in the Upper Jordan Valley, Israel, existed for several millennia at the end of the Pleistocene. During the Natufian culture of the Levantine Epipalaeolithic, the site was one of the largest known occupations in the Levant for some millennia (ca. 14,300 - 11,900 cal BP). Remains of Natufian architecture were found, together with evidence of early experimenting with pyrotechnology for the creation of lime plaster. Several features were identified during the excavations as assumed lime plaster installations. Samples investigated by micromorphology methods under the polarizing microscope revealed that while all were composed of calcium carbonate, and some indeed represent anthropogenic burnt lime products, others reflected the results of post-depositional or contemporaneous natural processes rather than technological products. The study of the samples at a molecular level through Raman spectroscopy enables a new methodology for the quick distinction between the features observed by micromorphology.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publication2022 IMEKO TC-4 International Conference on Metrology for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, MetroArchaeo 2022
PublisherInternational Measurement Confederation (IMEKO)
Pages17-22
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781713867982
StatePublished - 2022
Event2022 IMEKO TC-4 International Conference on Metrology for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, MetroArchaeo 2022 - Calabria, Italy
Duration: 19 Oct 202221 Oct 2022

Publication series

Name2022 IMEKO TC-4 International Conference on Metrology for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, MetroArchaeo 2022

Conference

Conference2022 IMEKO TC-4 International Conference on Metrology for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, MetroArchaeo 2022
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityCalabria
Period19/10/2221/10/22

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 IMEKO TC-4 International Conference on Metrology for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, MetroArchaeo 2022.All rights reserved.

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