Rapid kill - Novel endodontic sealer and Enterococcus faecalis

Nurit Beyth, Dana Kesler Shvero, Nathan Zaltsman, Yael Houri-Haddad, Itzhak Abramovitz, Michael Perez Davidi, Ervin I. Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

With growing concern over bacterial resistance, the identification of new antimicrobial means is paramount. In the oral cavity microorganisms are essential to the development of periradicular diseases and are the major causative factors associated with endodontic treatment failure. As quaternary ammonium compounds have the ability to kill a wide array of bacteria through electrostatic interactions with multiple anionic targets on the bacterial surface, it is likely that they can overcome bacterial resistance. Melding these ideas, we investigated the potency of a novel endodontic sealer in limiting Enterococcus faecalis growth. We used a polyethyleneimine scaffold to synthesize nano-sized particles, optimized for incorporation into an epoxy-based endodontic sealer. The novel endodontic sealer was tested for its antimicrobial efficacy and evaluated for biocompatibility and physical eligibility. Our results show that the novel sealer foundation affixes the nanoparticles, achieving surface bactericidal properties, but at the same time impeding nanoparticle penetration into eukaryotic cells and thereby mitigating a possible toxic effect. Moreover, adequate physical properties are maintained. The nanosized quaternary amine particles interact within minutes with bacteria, triggering cell death across wide pH values. Throughout this study we demonstrate a new antibacterial perspective for endodontic sealers; a novel antibacterial, effective and safe antimicrobial means.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numbere78586
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes

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