Rate equations model for multiple magnetic mirrors in various thermodynamic scenarios

Tal Miller, Ilan Be'Ery, Ido Barth*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Axial particle loss is one of the main challenges for fusion aimed, linear magnetic mirror plasma configurations. One way to mitigate this disadvantage and increase the confinement time is to use a multiple mirrors setup. The idea is to reduce the outgoing flux by collisions in the outer magnetic cells. Here, we develop a semi-kinetic rate equation model for the ions' density dynamics, including scattering within the magnetic cell and the transmission between neighboring cells. The dominant parameter is the ions' mean free path, which depends on the temperature and density in each cell. The steady-state flow is studied analytically and numerically for three thermodynamic scenarios: isothermal plasma, adiabatic expansion, and constant diffusion. It is found that the confinement time varies about fivefold over the different scenarios, where the adiabatic cooling is the best confining scenario.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number112506
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2021

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