Rb-Sr isotope systematics of a granitic soil chronosequence: The importance of biotite weathering

Joel D. Blum*, Yigal Erel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

200 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Rb-Sr isotope systematics of bedrock, soil digests, and the cation exchange fraction of soils from a granitic glacial soil chronosequence in the Wind River Mountains, Wyoming, USA, were investigated. Six soil profiles ranging in age from 0.4 to ∼300 kyr were studied and revealed that the 87Sr/86Sr ratio of exchangeable strontium in the B-horizons decreased from 0.7947 to 0.7114 with increasing soil age. Soil digests of the same samples showed much smaller variation in 87Sr/86Sr from 0.7272 to 0.7103 and also generally decreased with increasing soil age. Elevation of the 87Sr/86Sr ratios of Sr released by weathering over the soil digest and bedrock values results from the rapid weathering of biotite to form hydrobiotite and vermiculite in the younger soils. Biotite is estimated to weather at approximately eight times the rate of plagioclase (per gram of mineral) in the youngest soil profile and decreases to a rate of only ∼20% of that of plagioclase in the oldest soil. 87Rb/86Sr ratios of the soil cation exchange fraction are estimated to be depleted by factors of up to 11 over the 87Rb/86Sr ratios released by weathering, due to ion exchange partitioning. This study demonstrates that the 87Sr/86Sr ratio released by weathering of crystalline rocks can deviate significantly from bedrock values, and that in soils less than ∼20 kyr in age which contain biotite in the soil parent material, weathering-derived 87Sr/86 Sr values can be elevated so dramatically that this factor must be considered in estimations of weathering rates based on strontium isotopes.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3193-3204
Number of pages12
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume61
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1997

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments-We thank A. Blum and R. Reynolds for helpful discussions, A. Lathrop, M. Hingston, A. Taylor, and C. Blum for help with laboratory analyses, A. Taylor, D. Morowitz, T. Douglas, K. Rainville, and J. Vanuga for assistance in the field, and T. Drever, T. Bullen and especially A. White (who suggested the calculations presented in Table 3) for helpful reviews. Funding was provided by NSF grant EAR-9205767 to JDB and YE, and NSF grant EAR-9350632 to JDB.

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