Remission assessment in acute myeloid leukemia has evolved over the recent years with the advent of molecular and flow-based minimal residual disease determination. Nonetheless, early time point such as day 5 and day 14 (D14), still have prognostic and therapeutic implications. D14 refractory disease is regarded as a poor prognostic factor, however the therapeutic intervention is still under debate, with evidence suggesting a successful re-induction might offer similar long-term outcome as D14 aplasia. Others advocate the use of more intensive salvage protocols as a mean to overcome the negative prognostic effect. In the current study, we compare outcome of D14 refractory AML patients treated with either re-induction or salvage protocol. More importantly, we identify response characteristics that might suggest which patients will benefit from re-induction approach. Accurate identification of chemotherapy refractory patients might allow the early incorporation of non-chemotherapy based protocols in the future.
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- Acute myeloid leukemia