Introduction: Re-laparotomy following caesarean delivery (CD) is a rare yet serious complication. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors, diagnostic features and outcomes following re-laparotomy.Materials and methods: This retrospective cohort study reviewed cases of re-laparotomy following CD performed at Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center. Occurrences were identified via the electronic medical record database.Results: During the study period, 17 213 women underwent CD, of which 55 (0.3%) underwent re-laparotomy during the same hospitalization. Main indications for re-laparotomy were intra-peritoneal bleeding (62%) and wound infection/dehiscence (22%). During re-laparotomy, the bleeding source was found and ligated in 85% of the cases. Age, parity, previous CD, induction of labor, anesthesia type and operative duration were significant risk factors for re-laparotomy. In a selected group of patients, trial of conservative treatment was made. However, in 76% of these women a re-laparotomy was required.Discussion: Risk factors for re-laparotomy following CD should be identified, thus enabling more intensified monitoring of patients considered at risk for this complication. When intra-peritoneal bleeding following CD is suspected, conservative management has a high failure rate and should be reserved for a selected group of stable patients.
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- wound infection