Real-time holographic lensless micro-endoscopy through flexible fibers via fiber bundle distal holography

Noam Badt, Ori Katz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Fiber-based micro-endoscopes are a critically important tool for minimally-invasive deep-tissue imaging. However, current micro-endoscopes cannot perform three-dimensional imaging through dynamically-bent fibers without the use of bulky optical elements such as lenses and scanners at the distal end, increasing the footprint and tissue-damage. Great efforts have been invested in developing approaches that avoid distal bulky optical elements. However, the fundamental barrier of dynamic optical wavefront-distortions in propagation through flexible fibers limits current approaches to nearly-static or non-flexible fibers. Here, we present an approach that allows holographic, bend-insensitive, coherence-gated, micro-endoscopic imaging using commercially available multi-core fibers (MCFs). We achieve this by adding a partially-reflecting mirror to the distal fiber-tip, allowing to perform low-coherence full-field phase-shifting holography. We demonstrate widefield diffraction-limited reflection imaging of amplitude and phase targets through dynamically bent fibers at video-rate. Our approach holds potential for label-free investigations of dynamic samples.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number6055
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022

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© 2022, The Author(s).


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