Receiving family physician's advice and the 'stages of change' in smoking cessation among Arab minority men in Israel

Nihaya Daoud*, Samah Hayek, Aya Biderman, Abdallah Mashal, Yeal Bar-Zeev, Ofra Kalter-Leibovici

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background. Receiving physician advice (PA) can increase patient's willingness to quit smoking and influence the 'stages of change' in quitting. However, less is known about this association among minority groups for whom cessation is more challenging. Objective. We examined whether receiving advice on smoking cessation from a family physician is associated with the 'stages of change' in quitting smoking-i.e. pre-contemplation, contemplation, preparation or action-among Arab minority men in Israel with high smoking prevalence. Methods. In 2011-12, a stratified random sample of 964 Arab men current and past smokers, aged 18-64, were interviewed face-to-face. We used ordered logistic regression models to examine the association between PA and stages of quitting smoking, adjusted for socioeconomic status, health status, sociodemographics, Health Maintenance Organizations (HMO) and smoking-related variables. Results. About 40% of Arab men reported ever receiving PA to quit smoking. Participants with chronic disease(s) and higher nicotine dependence were more likely to receive PA. PA was significantly associated with the stages of change, but not with actual quitting. In multivariable analysis, receiving PA was associated with a greater likelihood of being at the contemplation or preparation stages of cessation, compared to pre-contemplation; odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were 1.95 (95% CI = 1.34-2.85) and 1.14 (95% CI = 1.09-2.076), respectively. Conclusions. Receiving PA among minority men is associated with advanced motivational stages of change in quitting smoking, but not with actual smoking cessation. Culturally, sensitive interventions and involvement of other health care providers may be considered for more comprehensive smoking cessation, in addition to PA.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)626-632
Number of pages7
JournalFamily Practice
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author 2016.


  • Family physician
  • Minority men
  • Physician advice
  • Primary care clinics
  • Smoking cessation
  • Stages of change


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