Redox chemistry of iron in fog and stratus clouds

Y. Erel, S. O. Pehkonen, M. R. Hoffmann

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The ratio Fe(II)/Fe(total) varied between 0.02 and 0.55. The concentration of Fe(II) varied between 0.1 and 5 micromole, and the concentration of total Fe varied between 2 and 27 micromole. The atmospheric redox cycle of Fe involves both dissolved and aerosol surface species and appears to be related to the presence of organic compounds which act as electron donors for the reduction of Fe(III). Fe(III) reduction is enhanced by light but significant Fe(II) levels were observed in the dark. We suggest that reduction of Fe(III) species by organic electron donors may be an important pathway that affects the speciation of Fe in both urban and rural atmospheres. It is possible that reactions involving Fe and organic compounds might be an important source of carboxylic acids in the troposphere. -from Authors

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)18,423-18,434
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Issue numberD10
StatePublished - 1993


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