Reflections on Manner/Result Complementarity

Malka Rappaport Hovav*, Beth Levin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

191 Scopus citations


This chapter investigates the observed complementarity of manner and result as components of lexicalized verb meaning. We provide a precise characterization of these meaning components: results involve scalar changes, while manners involve nonscalar changes. We propose a verb may only lexicalize one type of change, giving rise to manner/result complementarity.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationLexical Semantics, Syntax, and Event Structure
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780191720536
ISBN (Print)9780199544325
StatePublished - 1 May 2010

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Editorial matter and organization Malka Rappaport Hovav, Edit Doron, and Ivy Sichel 2010. © The chapters their several authors 2010. All rights reserved.


  • Change of state
  • Manner
  • Motion
  • Result
  • Scalar change


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