Objective: We present a novel method for intraoperative image-based bone surface reconstruction and its validation. Materials and methods: In the preoperative stage, we construct a CT-like intensity atlas of the anatomy of interest. In the intraoperative stage, we deformably register this atlas to fluoroscopic X-ray images of the patient anatomy. We iteratively refine the atlas-to-patient registration by establishing explicit correspondences between bone surfaces in the atlas and their projections in the X-ray images. The advantage of our method is its use of CT-quality intensity data for correspondence establishment, which eliminates the edge-detection problem and diminishes the miscorrespondence problem. We validate our method on two datasets: (1) an in vitro dry femur; (2) Digitally Reconstructed Radiographs, which were generated from 17 clinical CTs, and simulate realistic in vivo femurs. Results: The mean surface approximation error of our femur atlas was 0.85 ± 0.16 mm. On Digitally Reconstructed Radiographs, the mean surface reconstruction error was 1.40 ± 0.55 mm. On a dry femur, the mean surface reconstruction error was 1.44 mm. Conclusion: The results show that our reconstruction method is on par with the state of the art in reconstruction of ex vivo femurs. In addition, the results demonstrate that our method is effective in realistic simulations of the in vivo scenario.
|Original language||American English|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||International journal of computer assisted radiology and surgery|
|State||Published - 2008|
- 2D/3 Dregistration
- Deformable registration
- Shape modeling