Registration of a CT-like atlas to fluoroscopic X-ray images using intensity correspondences

Aviv Hurvitz*, Leo Joskowicz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Objective: We present a novel method for intraoperative image-based bone surface reconstruction and its validation. Materials and methods: In the preoperative stage, we construct a CT-like intensity atlas of the anatomy of interest. In the intraoperative stage, we deformably register this atlas to fluoroscopic X-ray images of the patient anatomy. We iteratively refine the atlas-to-patient registration by establishing explicit correspondences between bone surfaces in the atlas and their projections in the X-ray images. The advantage of our method is its use of CT-quality intensity data for correspondence establishment, which eliminates the edge-detection problem and diminishes the miscorrespondence problem. We validate our method on two datasets: (1) an in vitro dry femur; (2) Digitally Reconstructed Radiographs, which were generated from 17 clinical CTs, and simulate realistic in vivo femurs. Results: The mean surface approximation error of our femur atlas was 0.85 ± 0.16 mm. On Digitally Reconstructed Radiographs, the mean surface reconstruction error was 1.40 ± 0.55 mm. On a dry femur, the mean surface reconstruction error was 1.44 mm. Conclusion: The results show that our reconstruction method is on par with the state of the art in reconstruction of ex vivo femurs. In addition, the results demonstrate that our method is effective in realistic simulations of the in vivo scenario.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)493-504
Number of pages12
JournalInternational journal of computer assisted radiology and surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2008


  • 2D/3 Dregistration
  • Deformable registration
  • Shape modeling


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