Regulatory networks and regulatory agencification: Towards a Single European regulatory space

David Levi-Faur*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

190 Scopus citations


The European regulatory space has been expanding rapidly since the 1990s. The double movement towards a single market on the one hand and a Single European Regulatory Space on the other is evident almost everywhere. A new regulatory architecture is emerging and is expressed in the extension of regulatory capacities beyond the European Commission via two major forms of institutionalization: agencies and networks. This paper explores the politics and architecture of the institutionalization and administrative rationalization of the EU regulatory space and demonstrates (a) how agencies replace networks in a process that might best be called 'agencification'; (b) how agencies compete with networks and are often able to create, employ, and control them, creating what might best be called 'agencified networks'; and (c) how networking empowers agencies creating a new type of regulatory organization that might best be called a 'networked agency'.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)810-829
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of European Public Policy
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author acknowledge the useful advice of Martijn Groenleer, Husein Kassim, Alexander Kobusch, Jon Pierre, Adrianne Schout, Seamus Simpson, and Manuel Szapiro, who very kindly responded to his queries during the research and writing. Special thanks are due to Sandra Eckert, Jacint Jordana, Jon Pierre Berthold Rittberger, Arndt Wonka, and Torban Heinze and to the JEPP referees who commented on previous drafts of this paper. Earlier versions of this paper were presented in the Workshop on ‘Agency Governance in the EU and its Consequences’ (RECON/MZES), Mannheim Centre for European Social Research (MZES), University of Mannheim, 16 – 17 September 2010 and at the weekly seminar of Kolleg-Forschergruppe (KFG) ‘The Transformative Power of Europe’, Freie Universität, Berlin. Research for this paper was supported by grant 986/2009 by the Israeli Science Foundation.


  • Agencies
  • European Union
  • Governance
  • Networks
  • Regulation


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