Relaxation to the invariant density for the kicked rotor

Maxim Khodas, Shmuel Fishman, Oded Agam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


The relaxation rates to the invariant density in the chaotic phase space component of the kicked rotor (standard map) are calculated analytically for a large stochasticity parameter K. These rates are the logarithms of the poles of the matrix elements of the resolvent, [Formula Presented] of the classical evolution operator [Formula Presented] The resolvent poles are located inside the unit circle. For hyperbolic systems this is a rigorous result, but little is known about mixed systems such as the kicked rotor. In this work, the leading relaxation rates of the kicked rotor are calculated in the presence of noise, to the leading order in [Formula Presented] Then the limit of vanishing noise is taken and the relaxation rates are found to be finite, corresponding to poles lying inside the unit circle. It is found that the slow relaxation rates, in essence, correspond to diffusion modes in the momentum direction. Faster relaxation modes intermix the motion in the momentum and the angle space. The slowest relaxation rate of distributions in the angle space is calculated analytically by studying the dynamics of inhomogeneities projected down to this space. The analytical results are verified by numerical simulations.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)4769-4783
Number of pages15
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2000


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