Religious differentials in marital fertility in The Hague (Netherlands) 1860-1909

Jona Schellekens*, Frans van Poppel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies of the marital fertility transition in Europe have found religious differentials. Using data collected from the population registers of The Hague, our aim in this study is to search for answers to the following questions: Whether religious differentials result from socio-economic characteristics; to what extent religious ideology explains the behaviour of religious groups; which proximate determinants account for the religious differentials; and whether the Jews were forerunners in the marital fertility transition in Europe. The results provide some evidence of relatively low levels of parity-dependent fertility control among Jews before the transition and among Catholics during the transition. Religious ideology probably accounts for the low level of fertility control among Catholics. The ultimate reason for the relatively high marital fertility among Jews before the transition remains unclear. Our findings do not support the hypothesis that Jews were forerunners in the marital fertility transition.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)23-38
Number of pages16
JournalPopulation Studies
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2006

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
2 An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Annual Meeting of the Social Science History Associa-tion, November 2003. The authors thank Zvi Eisenbach, Barbara Okun, and three anonymous referees for their helpful comments. The research for this paper was supported by a grant from the Israel Science Founda-tion, administered by the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, for a research project entitled ‘Ex-plaining religious differences during the demographic transition in Holland: how different were the Jews and why?’ The data on which this research is based were collected for a research project entitled ‘Religion and child mortality in Holland 1860 ·/1920’. Financial

Keywords

  • Discrete-time repeated-events history model
  • Marital fertility
  • Minority-group status
  • Parity-dependent fertility control
  • Population registers
  • Religious differentials

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