Religious innovation under fatimid rule: Jewish and muslim rites in eleventh-century Jerusalem

Daniella Talmon-Heller, Miriam Frenkel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper describes religious innovations introduced by Muslims in the (arguably) holy month of Rajab, and by Jews on the High Holidays of the month of Tishrei, in eleventh-century Jerusalem. Using a comparative perspective, and grounding analysis in the particular historical context of Fatimid rule, it demonstrates how the convergence of sacred space and sacred time was conducive to “religious creativity.” The Muslim rites (conducted on al-aram al-Sharīf / the Temple Mount) and the Jewish rites (on the Mount of Olives) shared a particular concern with the remission of sins and supplication on behalf of others, and a cosmological world view that envisioned Jerusalem as axis mundi. The Jewish rite was initiated “from above” by the political-spiritual leadership of the community, was dependent on Fatimid backing, and was inextricably tied to specific sites. The Muslim rite sprang “from below” and spread far, to be practiced in later periods all over the Middle East.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)203-226
Number of pages24
JournalMedieval Encounters
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2019

Keywords

  • Al-aram al-Sharīf
  • Fatimids
  • Jerusalem
  • Jews
  • Muslims
  • Religious rites
  • Rituals
  • Sacred space
  • Sacred time

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