Resistance to change: Developing an individual differences measure

Shaul Oreg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

878 Scopus citations


The Resistance to Change Scale was designed to measure an individual's dispositional inclination to resist changes. In Study 1, exploratory analyses indicated 4 reliable factors: Routine Seeking, Emotional Reaction to Imposed Change, Cognitive Rigidity, and Short-Term Focus. Studies 2, 3, and 4 confirmed this structure and demonstrated the scale's convergent and discriminant validities. Studies 5, 6, and 7 demonstrated the concurrent and predictive validities of the scale in 3 distinct contexts. The scale can be used to account for the individual-difference component of resistance to change and to predict reactions to specific change.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)680-693
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2003
Externally publishedYes


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