Resonant Laser Printing of Optical Metasurfaces

Xiaolong Zhu*, Jacob Engelberg, Sergei Remennik, Binbin Zhou, Jonas Nyvold Pedersen, Peter Uhd Jepsen, Uriel Levy, Anders Kristensen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


One of the challenges for metasurface research is upscaling. The conventional methods for fabrication of metasurfaces, such as electron-beam or focused ion beam lithography, are not scalable. The use of ultraviolet steppers or nanoimprinting still requires large-size masks or stamps, which are costly and challenging in further handling. This work demonstrates a cost-effective and lithography-free method for printing optical metasurfaces. It is based on resonant absorption of laser light in an optical cavity formed by a multilayer structure of ultrathin metal and dielectric coatings. A nearly perfect light absorption is obtained via interferometric control of absorption and operating around a critical coupling condition. Controlled by the laser power, the surface undergoes a structural transition from random, semiperiodic, and periodic to amorphous patterns with nanoscale precision. The reliability, upscaling, and subwavelength resolution of this approach are demonstrated by realizing metasurfaces for structural colors, optical holograms, and diffractive optical elements.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2786-2792
Number of pages7
JournalNano Letters
Issue number7
StatePublished - 13 Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

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© 2022 American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.


  • Holography
  • Optical cavity
  • Optical metasurface
  • Resonant laser printing
  • Structural color


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